INDUSTRIAL SCENARIO OF RAICHUR DISTRICT

General Industrial scenario of the District:

Raichur District is industrially one of most backward District in Karnataka. Sindanur and Manvi Taluks of the Raichur District are considered as Rice Bowl of Karnataka as they are blessed with World class paddy grown fields. Before 1990s, Raichur was also well known for the Oil seeds and Cotton industries. Due to lack of Technological Upgradation and cut-throat competition due to imports, it lost its base as one of the leading district in oil seed and Cotton industries. In the last one decade due to severe competition from MNC’s and Large Scale Indutries, driven by WTO, the growth rate of small scale Industries has been slowed down. There is great potential in the district to emerge as strong industrial base as it possess abundant natural resources like Minerals, Water resources, Power, Land Availability, Human Resources, very good railway connectivity, Road connectivity, and being nearest place for Hyderabad.

Climate

The climate of the district is characterised by dryness for the major part of the year and a very hot summer. The low and highly variable rainfall renders the district liable to drought. The year may be divided broadly into four seasons. The hot season begins by about the middle of February and extends to the end of May The South-west monsoon is from June to end of September. October and November are the post monsoon or retreating monsoon months and the peirod from december to the middle of Febrary is the cold season.

Large and Medium Scale Industries:

The following are the statistics of the L & M Industries. Major Industries like KPCL and Hutti gold Mines are set up by the Government of Karnataka and the other Medium Industries are set up by the outsiders to the state though got settled down in the district long back.

SNo Name & Address of the Unit
Product
Employment
1
M/s Hutti Gold Mine Company, Hutti, Lingsugur Taluk, Raichur (Dt).
Gold Mine
4018
2
M/s Karnataka Power Corporation Ltd., Shakthinagar, Raichur (Dt)
Power Generation
2412
3
Raichur Solvent, Raichur
Solvent Extraction
68
4
General Oil Seeds Grower Co-operative Society Ltd., Raichur
Oil Seeds
74
5
Farooq Anwar Company Raichur
Oil Refining
99
6
Mysore Petro Chemical Ltd., Post Box No. 34, Raichur
PetroChemical products
156
7
Vishal Cotspin Ltd., Devasugur Industrial Area, Raichur
Cotton Spinning
228
Small Scale sector:

There are more than Seven thousand small scale and Tiny scale units registered in the District.

SNo
Taluk
No. of Units
Investment (Rs.Lakhs)
Employment
1
Raichur
2894
6405.07
12435
2
Deodurga
509
1120.88
2176
3
Lingsugur
1302
2882.28
5596
4
Manvi
1085
2401.90
4663
5
Sindhanoor
1447
3202.53
6218
Total
7237
16012.66
31088
Resources Availability:

Raichur district is spread over an area of 8386 sq.km distributed among 5 Taluks. Raichur is well known for quality Rice Production, Sunflower, Cotton etc. and Horticultural produces like Mango, Banana, Lemon, etc. The main minerals in the district are Gold, Copper, Iron, Feldspar, Granite, Sandstone, Quartz, Limestone, etc. The district is blessed with Two Major Rivers Krishna and Tungabhadra which provide water supply to the district. Tungabhadra Left Bank Canal irrigates about 80,000 hectares of land in the district. The Narayanpur Project on the River Krishna increased the irrigation facilities of the district.

Tungabhadra River

The Tungabhadra is formed by the union of two rivers, viz., the Tunga and the Bhadra, both of which rise at Gangamula in Varaha Parvata of the Western Ghats. This is also a perennial river, very deep in certain places and almost unaffordable even in the dry season. This river enters the district near Kesalapur village at the south-western tip of Koppal taluk. The general slope of the land in the district being north-west to south-east, the Tungabhadra has a large number of rivulets and streams serving as tributaries, as compared to the Krishna. But none of these streams is of any great importance by itself and they generally go dry during the summer. Old Kannada inscriptions have hailed the river as the Ganga of South India. In the past, notably during the days of Vijayanagar kings, it had been dammed at several places for purposes of irrigation and, in this district also, anicuts of large blocks of stones were constructed in several places in Koppal and Gangavati taluks. Canals were laid along both sides of the river. Most of these canals had been silted up and the water courses were in a dilapidated state. If kept in constant repair, these canals can serve as effective means of irrigation for the cultivation of rice and surgarcane, in places not benefited by the recent Tungabhadra Dam at Munirabad. The Tungabhadra river also is reputed as one of the important rivers of South India. The river which forms the southern boundary of the district flows for a distance of about 130 miles along the district touching Koppal, Gangavathi, Sindhanur, Manvi and Raichur regions and leaves the district to the south-east of Talamari village in Raichur taluk. As stated above, a number of streams and nalas flow into the river along its course in the district, the more important among them being the Maski nala (70 miles), Hirehalla (50 miles), Alawandi nala (20 miles), sindhanur nala (50 miles), Siddapur stream (32 miles), Marli stream (26 miles), Inchnal nala (50 miles), Kanakgiri nala (32 miles), Nandihal nala (26 miles) and Kapgol nala (24 miles).

Infrastructure Availability:

Roads: Raichur District has in all 5799 kms in which 483 kms are on State Highway and 664.15kms on Major district roads and these roads are methodically improved regularly. Power: Raichur has the most prestigious and profit-making power generation unit, viz. Raichur Thermal Power Station with 7 Units each of 210 MW capacity which is running almost at 100% capacity. Railways: Raichur city is well connected by a Broadgauge line with many important cities like Bangalore, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmadabad, New Delhi, Coimbotture, Trivendram, etc. On an average more than 50 Trains pass through Raichur every day. Financial Institutions: Raichur district has more than 10 Commercial Banks spread over 46 branches in the district with State Bank of Hyderabad as the Lead Bank. Educational Institutions: Though the percentage of literacy in the district is one of the lowest in the country, Raichur district has distinction of having University of Agriculture Science, Agriculture Engineering College, Engineering College, Medical College, Three Polytechnics, Five I.T.I’s followed by a good number of colleges to provide Graduation in Science, Arts and Commerce. In addition a Pharmacy College, a Dental College are also established in the District.

Industrial Land Availability:
KIADB Industrial Area: There are Five Industrial Areas in the District. 1. Raichur Industrial Area : An extent of 153 acres of land has been developed. 2. Industrial Growth Centre at Shakthinagar, Raichur : Total Land available is 2000 Acres out of which an extent of 450 Acres has been developed. 3. Industrial Area, Devasugur, Raichur : Total land available is 214.86 Acres out of which an extent of 82.62 Acres has been developed. 4. Industrial Area, Devdurga, Raichur (Under progress) : An extent of 59 acres and 29 guntas of land was acquired for formation of Industrial Area. 5. Industrial Area, Manvi, Raichur (Under Progress) : In Manvi, an extent of 59 acres and 29 guntas of land was acquired for formation of Industrial Area.
KSSIDC Industrial Estate:
Following is the brief details of land developed by KSSIDC for small scale industries.
SNo
Taluk
Area (Acres)
1
Yaramara Industrial Estate, Raichur
10.00
2
Raichur Industrial Estate, Raichur
25.00
3
Lingasugur Industrial Estate, Lingasugur
05.00
4
Sindhnur Industrial Estate, Sindhanur
21.19

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