EDUCATION

INTRODUCTION

Provision of free and compulsory education for all children up to the age of 14 years is a constitutional directive. The recent efforts to make education a fundamental right reflect an increased national commitment to achieve the goal of Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE). There has been a demand from parents for attention to the education of their children. Simultaneous efforts were taken to focus on the universalisation of primary education. The district has made steady progress in achieving universalisation of elementary education, though the progress has been uneven in different blocks. Increasing enrolment, retention and achievement at the primary stage has in turn generated growing demand for upper primary education. Consequently, achievement of UEE depends now, along with continuing efforts at the primary stage, on a focus on the upper primary stage. The task that remains is to consolidate the gains and carry forward critical interventions in the context of achieving UEE.

Critical elements of a Plan to achieve Universalisation of Elementary Education (UEE):

Raichur district, being one of the DPEP Phase-1 districts, requires planning for UEE according to a realisable and realistic time frame. The plan has been developed keeping the following three major components. The first are the supply side interventions which comprise conventional mechanisms already existing in the state, and include the opening of schools, provision of teachers, construction and maintenance of buildings, as well as the entire gamut of incentives provided to children in the form of food grains, textbooks, uniforms, etc., to enhance enrolment and attendance. On this side of the spectrum greater attention will have to be paid to providing alternate schooling. The second major component would be those that can broadly come under interventions promoting ‘demand’ for schooling. These would principally comprise community based interventions. This would include efforts at strengthening people’s groups (VECs & SDMCs), and using other media to enhance community awareness, such as kala jathas and chinnara melas. These two components require to be backed by adequate provisions in the budgets. The third major component for successful planning for UEE could broadly be categorised under institutional support. This would principally necessitate a major initiative to reform the existing management structures. In specific terms this would mean a re-orientation of the education system to make it move away from a regulatory framework to one that focuses on programme support within a child centered approach. An efficient management structure will also require the successful implementation of an educational MIS, which takes advantage of technology and is at the same time cost effective and sustainable. Quality in education is the major concern in the field of education these days. However quality is an abstract concept and also a relative one. Transforming this abstract concept into a reality is a challenge before us. The above discussed three components of education center round Quality in education. Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) is perhaps the last effort by the Government of India to achieve its constitutional obligation of providing compulsory Elementary Education to all children of age group 6-14 years. It is a response to the demand for quality education. Its main objective is to see that all children are in the schools, or in education guarantee centres or in alternative schools by 2003, enable these children to complete primary schooling by 2007 and elementary schooling by 2010. It also aims at bridging all gender and socials gaps in elementary schooling by 2010 and achieve 100% universal retention by 2010. During 2004-05, 1807 out of school children were identified of which 282 children were brought to the educational mainstream through summer bridge course camps. 1495 children were mainstreamed through Baa Marali Shaalege, a campaign to bring back dropout and never enrolled children and Baa Baale Shaalege campaigns. 10 EGS centres were started and 491 children were provided access to schooling within a distance of 1 km. All this and more helped the district to make the GER stable at 104 and the RR to 81. 180 additional classrooms are being constructed by the SDMCs. Children in 125 schools were enabled to have access to toilet facility and clean drinking water facility. Teachers were given training of various kinds to improve their professional competencies.

FORMATION OF DISTRICT CORE-GROUPS:

A core team was constituted in the district to prepare the Annual Work plan for the year 2005-06 consisting of following members. 1) Principal of the DIET 2) Senior lecturer of P&M unit of DIET 3) Project Coordinator 4) Deputy Project Coordinator 5) Personalities interested in the cause of education 6) NGOs working in the cause of education 7) President of the Teachers Association in the district. 8) The BEOs and BRCs of all the blocks. The core team at the block level discussed the institution level education plans and consolidated and developed the block level education plans which were then discussed in a few habitations, and the perceptions of the leaders, parents etc were taken in to consideration. The district team in-turn consolidated and prepared the Annual Work plan for the district for the year 2005-06 in consultation with voluntary organisations, educationists and officers of the various departments.

Education in Raichur District

Educationally the district has better facilities. There are colleges of engineering, medicine, nursing, dental sciences, post graduate courses, agricultural sciences, business management etc catering to the needs of higher education. (Educational Institutions at Raichur).

Literacy:

The literacy in the district is given under.

Category
1991
2001
% of Decadal Increase
Male
46.75
62.02
15.27
Female
21.70
36.84
15.14
Total
34.34
49.54
15.20

Source: Census 2001

The above table shows that the literacy has increased by 15.20% over the decade. But still it is much below the state average of 56.04. Literacy of the district, block wise for the year 2001 is given below

Block
Area
2001
Male
Female
Total
Deodurga
Rural
41.69
20.89
31.37
Urban
50.12
36.30
43.40
Total
45.10
28.59
37.38
Lingsugur
Rural
50.58
24.92
37.88
Urban
68.39
48.00
58.45
Total
59.49
36.46
48.16
Manvi
Rural
44.42
24.00
34.24
Urban
54.51
38.60
46.68
Total
49.46
31.30
40.46
Raichur
Rural
43.35
20.78
32.13
Urban
68.79
56.11
62.63
Total
56.07
38.45
47.38
Sindhanur
Rural
52.75
29.20
40.94
Urban
62.69
44.20
53.67
Total
57.72
36.70
47.31
Total
Rural
46.55
23.95
35.31
Urban
60.90
44.64
52.96
Total
62.02
36.84
49.54
The above table shows that the literacy of Deodurga block is the lowest in the district especially in the female literacy. However the female literacy is remarkably low in almost all the blocks of the district compared to that of the male literacy.

EDUCATION PROFILE

Access: The district has 1465 primary schools having classes I to V of which 524 are higher primary schools having classes I to VII. This is inclusive of Government Schools / Aided Schools / Unaided schools. There are 1308 Anganwadi centres run by the Department of Women & Child Development. Below is given the no of schools category-wise.

SNo
Block
No. of Schools
LPS
HPS
Govt.
Aided
UnAided
Total
Govt.
Aided
UnAided
Total
1
Deodurga
155
0
11
166
69
1
6
76
2
Lingsugur
180
0
14
194
91
1
19
111
3
Manvi
168
0
33
201
71
2
18
91
4
Raichur
154
3
10
167
87
11
27
125
5
Sindhanur
155
0
36
191
88
5
28
121
 
Total
812
3
104
919
406
20
98
524
Source : EMIS 2004-05 The HPS schools consist of classes I – VII and thus the number of schools providing access to primary schooling are 1465. To move towards the national norm of elementary education, eighth standard is added to 56 Upper primary schools during 2003-04. However majority of UPS remain at the seventh standard level. There are 1086 habitations in the district. According to the household survey most of the habitations having a population of 200 and above and child population of 15 and above are provided with access for primary schools within a distance of 1 km. Some of the towns and big villages may have more than one school. Following table shows habitation wise access to primary schooling with in 1 km.
SNo
Block
No of habitations having more than 200 population
Number habitations having primary schools within 1 km.
% of Access
1
Deodurga
166
166
100
2
Lingsugur
194
194
100
3
Manvi
201
201
100
4
Raichur
167
167
100
5
Sindhanur
191
191
100
Total
919
919
100

Following table shows habitation wise access to upper primary schooling with in 3 kms.

SNo
Block
No of habitations having more than 200 population
Number habitations having primary schools within 3km.
% of Access
1
Deodurga
166
166
100
2
Lingsugur
194
183
98
3
Manvi
201
201
100
4
Raichur
167
167
100
5
Sindhanur
191
191
100
Total
919
908
Each primary school is serving on an average 1125 population in the district and an upper primary school is serving on an average 3086 populations in the district. During 2002-03 Class V was added to Primary schooling and classes VI &VII were put under Upper Primary Schooling. As a result there is a revision of number of primary and upper primary schools in the district. Enrollment: As per EMIS data 2004-05 the total enrollment of the district in classes I-VII is 2,91,203 of which 1,54,207 are boys & 1,36,996 are girls. In respect of Scheduled Caste the enrollment is 61,506 of them 33,176 are boys and 28,330 are girls. In respect of Scheduled Tribes it is 53,512 of which 29,099 are boys and 24,413 are girls. The children of SC account for 21.12 % of the total enrollment of which boys account for 53.93% and girls account for 46.07 %. Similarly the children of ST account for 18.37 % of the total enrollment of which boys account for 54.37 % and girls 45.62 %. Block wise enrollment of the children in Lower primary and Upper primary classes block wise is given below.
SNo
Block
Classes I - V
Classes VI & VII
Total
Boys
Girls
Total
Boys
Girls
Total
1
Deodurga
18466
16923
35389
4201
2842
7043
42432
2
Lingsugur
23721
21376
45097
7053
5309
12362
57459
3
Manvi
24544
22252
46796
6256
4523
10779
57575
4
Raichur
26890
25010
51900
8030
6510
14540
66440
5
Sindhanur
27500
25984
53484
7546
6267
13813
67297
 
Total
121121
111545
232666
33086
25451
58537
291203
Source : EMIS 2004-05 GER : GER of the district is given in the table below.
SNo
Block
GER(All)
GER(Boys)
GER(Girls)
Total
SC
ST
Total
SC
ST
Total
SC
ST
1
Deodurga
107
105
104
107
104
104
107
106
101
2
Lingsugur
108
105
103
107
105
102
108
105
103
3
Manvi
110
114
103
109
110
103
112
119
103
4
Raichur
91
83
101
90
80
101
92
86
101
5
Sindhanur
111
111
115
111
108
113
112
114
118
  Total
104
101
104
104
99
104
105
104
105

Source: EMIS 2004-05 GER in the district is 104 with 104 for boys and 105 for girls. GER for SC boys is 99 and for SC girls is 104, while it is 104, with 104 for ST boys and 105 for ST girls. The enrollment of the children has reached stability over the years. The mainstreaming of out of school children over the years has helped the district in achieving stability in enrollment.

NER : NER of the district is given in the table below.

SNo
Block
NER (All)
NER (Boys)
NER (Girls)
1
Deodurga

86.29

87.86
84.51
2
Lingsugur
88.03
89.90
85.89
3
Manvi
96.42
94.20
99.01
4
Raichur
77.30
75.00
79.91
5
Sindhanur
100.00
100.00
99.12
  Total
89.13
88.82
89.47

Source: EMIS 2004-05 NER in the district is with 88.82 for boys and 89.47 for girls. The net enrollment of the children has reached stability over the years. The mainstreaming of out of school children over the years has helped the district in achieving stability in net enrollment.

RETENTION :

Retention rates of the children in the district are given in the table below.

SNo
Block
Retention Rate at Primary Level (Classes I-V)
All
SC
ST
Boys
Girls
Total
Boys
Girls
Total
Boys
Girls
Total
1
Deodurga
80
78
79
80
79
79
81
78
79
2
Lingsugur
87
88
88
90
88
89
84
88
86
3
Manvi
78
73
76
75
70
73
79
72
76
4
Raichur
78
74
76
77
74
76
76
72
74
5
Sindhanur
83
89
86
78
86
81
93
105
99
  Total
81
80
81
79
79
79
82
81
82

Source : EMIS 2004-05 Retention rate is a matter of concern. On the basis of the EMIS data for the year 2004-05, the overall retention rate for the children in primary classes, for the district in classes I – V is 81, with 80 for boys and 81 for girls. With respect to children belonging to the Scheduled Castes, retention rate stands at 79 with 79 for boys and 79 for girls. In respect of children belonging to Scheduled Tribes, retention rate is 82 with 82 for boys and 81 for girls.

TEACHERS IN POSITION: In the district 4,772 teachers are working in the Government Primary Schools (both LPS & HPS) as against 5,278 sanctioned posts. 506 posts of teachers are vacant. The table below gives the block-wise position of teachers in the district as on 30.9.04.

SNo
Block
No. of Sanctioned Posts
Teachers in Position
% of Female Teachers
No. of Posts Vacant
Male
Female
Total
1
Deodurga
869
523
211
734
28.74
135
2
Lingsugur
1208
718
347
1065
32.58
143
3
Manvi
1011
613
309
922
33.51
89
4
Raichur
1191
483
708
1191
59.44
00
5
Sindhanur
999
617
243
860
28.25
139
Total
5278
2954
1818
4772
38.09
506

During 2003-04, 400 posts of additional teachers were sanctioned for the primary schools of the district. 25 posts were sanctioned for the 25 LPS upgraded to UPS and 56 posts for the UPS added with 8th standard. During 2004-05, the upgraded schools were provided with one more additional teacher totaling 25 teachers. Of this 38.09% of the teachers are female teachers. However inter block variations do exist in the percentage of the female teachers working in various blocks.

Infrastructure facilities:

The infrastructure facilities available in government schools are given below.

SNo
Block
No. of Govt. Schools
Rooms
Water
Toilets
Compound Walls
Electricity
1
Deodurga
224
683
169
207
169
224
2
Lingsugur
271
1123
197
161
144
271
3
Manvi
239
845
170
229
203
239
4
Raichur
241
1154
172
165
130
241
5
Sindhanur
243
760
167
190
141
243
Total
1218
4565
875
952
787
1218

No-Of High Schools:

SNo
Block
Govt.
Aided
UnAided
Total
1
Deodurga
16
-
9
25
2
Lingsugur
24
5
17
46
3
Manvi
24
-
12
36
4
Raichur
26
11
28
65
5
Sindhanur
18
4
28
50
Total
108
20
94
222

High School Teachers:

SNo
Block
Govt.
Aided
UnAided
Total
1
Deodurga
154
-
64
218
2
Lingsugur
218
45
128
391
3
Manvi
247
-
96
343
4
Raichur
272
189
224
685
5
Sindhanur
211
37
224
472
Total
1102
271
736
2109

Block wise and Class wise enrolment of the children in High School:

SNo
Block
Class VIII
Class IX
Class X
Total
Boys
Girls
Boys
Girls
Boys
Girls
Boys
Girls
1
Deodurga
1480
776
1069
569
917
485
3466
1830
2
Lingsugur
1215
2972
1315
1094
1016
796
3546
4862
3
Manvi
1677
1333
1605
1212
1662
1043
4944
3588
4
Raichur
2895
3020
2470
2610
2940
2340
8305
7970
5
Sindhanur
2156
1497
1838
1216
1603
1068
5597
3781
 
Total
9423
9598
8297
6701
8138
5732
25858 22031

District Administrative Structure & Functioning: The Educational Administrative machinery is headed by the Deputy Director of Public Instruction (DDPI) and is assisted by a team of 2 Educational Officers, 5 Subject Inspectors and one Superintendent of Physical Education, who provide academic guidance at the district level. The D.D.P.I. takes up the academic and administrative inspections of the institutions in the district and also provides educational leadership to the entire district.

Administrative structure & Functioning at the Block Level: At the block level, the Block Educational Officer (BEO) leads the educational machinery supported by a team of 5 Educational Coordinators and Educational Assistants. The Educational Coordinators and the Educational Assistants pay visits to the schools in their jurisdiction and provide guidance for quality improvement in the schools. The BEOs are assisted by the Block Resource Coordinators in the planning, implementation and supervision of the activities under Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan. The BRCs have 5 resource persons – 2 from the high school cadre and 3 from the primary cadre. These resource persons provide training, academic guidance and on job support to the teachers in their respective blocks.

Administrative structure & Functioning at the Cluster Level: At the cluster level there is a Cluster Resource Person (CRP) who provides academic guidance and on job support to the teachers in their clusters.

District Institute of Education & Training (DIET): A District Institute of Education & Training is established at Yermarus in Raichur district to give academic support for the teachers of primary schools, and also caters to the training needs of teachers working in both the districts of Raichur and Koppal. It is headed by the Principal of the DDPI cadre, and re-designated as ex-Officio DDPI (Development). DIET has 7 units.

1. Pre Service Teachers Education (PSTE)
2. District Resource Unit (DRU)
3. Inservice Training, Field Interaction and Co-ordination (IFIC)
4. Curriculum, Material Development and Evaluation (CMDE)
5. Educational Technology (ET)
6. Work Experience (WE)
7. Planning & Management (P & M) Each unit is headed by a Senior Lecturer and assisted by one or two Lecturers. DIET functions as the academic nucleus of the district in identifying the training needs of teachers, the teaching learning and evaluation processes and accordingly design the need based interventions in the development of training packages, training design and provide academic support to the teacher fraternity. As the district has Block Resource Centres and Cluster Resource Centres, the DIET also functions to coordinate the activities of these sub-district structures in providing training and academic guidance to the teachers. The DIETs also take up the action research studies in the district with a view to bring out innovative ideas and practices in the field of education and shares the same among the teacher fraternity. The DIETs were also involved in conducting the Baseline achievement survey for the programme during 2001.

Notifications | View All

Social Media

Events

Quick Access

Read this QR using your mobile camera/QR reader for a quick access to
www.raichur.nic.in

Important Links | View all